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What is TEEP and How to Comply? Was the Question Ruffling Feathers at UK LWARB Event

TEEP Compliance Deadline is in 2015 Start Planning Now

TEEP Compliance Deadline is in 2015 Start Planning Now

Anaerobic Digestion plant owners and operators will be keen to understand TEEP for the effects it might have upon feedstock quality and quantity in the future which will be derived from municipal waste sources.

There has been a tangible feeling concern developing within the UK’s waste collection and handling industry this last few months. In the main, the cause has been the thinking behind a new acronym that adds to the European’s ever increasing “waste glossary”.

The abbreviation is “TEEP“, and it refers to “technically, environmentally and economically practicable” requirements of operating standards for recycling collection systems.

You can also view this “What is Teep in the Recycing Industry” video full-screen if you prefer, on the YouTube site.

It has emerged as an important new requirement embodied within the EU’s Revised Waste Framework Directive (rWFD) which must be adhered to by European waste collection authorities and delivered by their contractors.”

The LRS Consultancy hosted the UK LWARB Event, which was the first high-profile UK event to pick up on the new legislative requirements, and they have explained in an article in the CIWM that they were responding to requests from their clients for information on the subject.

Wayne Hubbard, chief operating officer, LWARB event said about TEEP that:

“It seems there has been overwhelming tension and anxiety about TEEP with no outlet or easily accessible information to date”.

The event was apparently well attended and acted as a forum for local authorities and the resource management industry to listen to keynote speakers, and discuss the future of their recycling services when they will be complying with the new legal requirements for TEEP compliance.

If TEEP is to have real value in enhancing sustainability within the waste management industry in Europe it will need work in a manner which will support the circular economy.
The intent is that it should do this through ensured improved material quality emanating from the member nation’s collection, transport, and waste processing/ recycling industries.

So What Exactly is TEEP?

The European Union’s Revised Waste Framework Directive (rWFD) includes a requirement to set up separate collections of the following as a minimum: paper, metal, plastic and glass, from the household waste stream by 2015.

Article 11 of the rWFD states that “Member states shall take measures to promote high quality recycling and, to this end, shall set up separate collections of waste where technically, environmentally and economically practicable and appropriate to meet the necessary quality standards for the relevant recycling sectors.”

At the UK LWARB Event “feathers were ruffled” to a certain extent by the fact that time to implement is by anyone’s estimation really short, and once imposed in January 2015, the regulations will be enforced by the Environment Agency. Those in charge would have to be extremely diligent in adhering to the concept of TEEP as non-compliance might possibly lead to criminal prosecution.

It seems that the concern is that at this time there is a lot of work to be done to establish what will be compliant when TEEP assessments are made. The view appears to be that the decision as to whether compliance with the rWFD requires separate collections as opposed to commingling will rest upon interpretation of the TEEP rules, and an exercise of judgement. That judgement will not be clear-cut as it will need to balance technical, economic and environmental considerations in each waste management site’s, specific circumstances.

With that in mind it is not surprising that all waste professionals involved will find it hard to rest until through industry discussions and legal advice, the TEEP requirements can be crystalized into some form of good practice guidance which the professionals involved can rely on as a fall back to support their waste collection and transport policy decisions.

The LRS Consultancy Article in the January 2014 edition of the CIWM Journal gives the LRS view on the emerging industry wide opinion, as follows:

“TEEP requirements may provide many challenges for everybody along the supply chain and it is evident that there are no right or wrong answers. Indeed, there are rumours that any further definitive stance may only arise after the first legal challenge completes.”

The article suggests that Defra ministers will be giving further consideration to whether additional information or guidance is required, but the view on exactly what is needed seems to be somewhat fragmented with some local authorities wanting structured guidance and advice, while others may be of the opinion that they can decide how best to proceed on their own.

LRS indicates that they will continue in their current role;

“as a catalyst to sharing knowledge and facilitating connections, and positive change enables LRS to understand the views from along the supply chain”.

Meanwhile, LRS is offering their own suggested list of actions for local authority officers, and those involved in the supply chain. The first action they proposed is that Councils:
“Get TEEP on to your risk register. Some councils are currently scoring this at the highest possible risk level on their register. It’s appreciated, however, that new policy decisions are very unlikely ahead of elections next year.”

The financial aspects of TEEP implementation will be central to the thoughts of Council officers at this time of expenditure cuts: According to the LRS, CIWM article:

“Jamie Blake, director of public realm, London Borough of Tower Hamlets said: “Local authorities find themselves having the most amount of money taken out of their budgets in recent memory. We are halfway through a six-year programme of service reductions, after which most authorities will have reduced their budgets by over 45 percent. Many authorities will find during their assessments that adding in separate glass collection, for example, will be very costly and highly disruptive to services and, therefore, clearly not economically practicable, particularly within an existing contract.””

Given the availability of initial council staff time to work through the changes TEEP implies for many, TEEP can be seen positively as a catalyst to review long-term strategies, and by improving processed waste material quality bring another step-change toward a vibrant circular economy.

TEEP, when viewed with a healthy dose of optimism could also provide the push needed to end stagnating recycling rates, and capture more materials beneficially, while adding value from these materials through better quality.

Whether it will, when both finances and council staff resources are as pressed in the UK as they uniquely are by the deep cut-backs in progress through 2014/15, and at such short notice of implementation, must surely be an open question.

InSource Energy Rogerstone Anaerobic Digestion Plant

InSource Energy has partnered with Premier Foods' RF Brookes ready meal facility at Rogerstone, South Wales to deliver on-site anaerobic digestion facilities to treat the food waste from the manufacturing process.

The £5m facility is designed, built and operated by InSource Energy. The plant converts RF Brookes' food waste into energy to help power the factory, which is the leading supplier of ready meals to Marks & Spencer. Built within the site boundary, the plant has de-packaging equipment to handle packaged waste and a pasteurisation plant, which is legal design requirement as some waste streams contain meat products.

The plant takes food waste, effluent treatment sludge and uniquely, also contaminated plastic, as its feedstock. The organics and inorganics are seperated. The organic waste is treated via anaerobic digestion processes to produce heat and electricity that powers the facility and is sold at a fixed, discounted rate to the host.

Premier Foods save in excess of £150,00 per annum in waste disposal, heating and fuel costs.

The plant recycles 1000 tonnes per annum of contaminated plastics, which otherwise would have had to be sent to landfill, decreasing the amount paid in landfill taxes.

Approximately 4500 tonnes per annum of organic fertiliser by-product, which is PAS110 compliant, is created and of value to local arable farms as it displaces chemical fertilisers.

This is all achieved without any capital investment by the host; this ground-breaking facility is owned and operated by InSource Energy, who bears the risk throughout the project process. This makes hosting an AD plant a viable, profitable and scalable option for a range of food and drink manufacturing businesses.
Facts and figures

The plant has the capacity to process up to 18,000 tonnes of unavoidable organic waste per year, generating 1.4 million m3 of biogas with a thermal calorific value of 8.4MWh.

The biogas consists of 60% methane and 40% CO2 and is converted into electricity and heat via a combined heat and power engine (CHP), which is subsequently used in the RF Brookes manufacturing process.

The net energy output after parasitic load is 300kW or 1,800MWh of electricity, and 400kW or 2,8000MWh of hot water, enough to displace 10% of the factory's load on fossil fuels.
What is being said about the project

RF Brookes Managing Director, Phil Coles, said: "Premier Foods is committed to embedding sustainability throughout our business operations. We've set a challenging target of sending zero waste to landfill by 2015 and also to maximise opportunities for obtaining energy from renewable sources. This initiative will help us on our road to achieving both of these objectives and are delighted that our partnership with InSource Energy has allowed us to be the first company in Wales to adopt this technology in this way."

The Welsh Assembly Government Minister for Environment, Sustainability and Housing Jane Davidson said: "Anaerobic digestion is the most environmentally sound way of dealing with our food waste, but as this project shows, it can bring financial benefits too."

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