- Gas for Climate advocates in a new policy paper that, by 2030, 11% of all gas consumed in the EU should be renewable gas,
- The envisioned binding target is supported by two sub-targets for 8% sustainable biomethane and 3% renewable hydrogen. The target should be introduced in the EU Renewable Energy Directive,
- “Gas for Climate” continues to support EU policy-making in 2021 by providing new analysis on hydrogen and biomethane.
Today (26 January 2021), the Gas for Climate consortium published a policy paper which provides an analysis-based rationale on why an 11% renewable gas target is needed to meet the EU’s climate ambition to cut GHG emissions by 55% in 2030. The policy paper follows last year’s Gas for Climate Gas Decarbonisation Pathways 2020-2050 report, which showed how additional policy measures are needed to scale-up biomethane, green and blue hydrogen which are all needed to meet the EU’s climate targets. This policy paper focuses on EU biomethane and green hydrogen, acknowledging they require additional incentives compared to the incentives required to scale-up blue hydrogen.
Two binding sub-targets for green hydrogen and biomethane support the envisioned 11% target by ensuring an accelerated and consistent market ramp-up across the EU.
By 2030, biomethane and green hydrogen should make up at least 8% and 3% of the EU's gas consumption, respectively.
The sub-targets reflect that biomethane is commercially available today and scalable in a sustainable manner, while green hydrogen should ramp up during the 2020s too. The 3% green hydrogen target aligns with the European Commission's target for at least 40 GW of electrolyser capacity in the EU.
A binding target for renewable gas will help to reduce production costs of biomethane and green hydrogen during the 2020s, while in the long term, it will help to achieve the European decarbonisation targets at the lowest societal costs. Gas for Climate foresees that an EU-wide target of renewable gas would be translated into differentiated national targets.
The policy paper on EU biomethane (renewable gas) is the first in a series of policy papers to be launched in 2021. “Gas for Climate” is currently undertaking new activities, including setting up a European Biomethane Alliance and a new hydrogen demand analysis.
Gas for Climate expands and announces new chair
Supporting the vision of Gas for Climate and its ambition for 2021, DESFA, the Hellenic gas TSO, joined the consortium. Gas for Climate now has members from nine EU member states. The new chair of Gas for Climate, Marie-Claire Aoun, head of institutional relations at Teréga, emphasizes:
“I am grateful that DESFA joins Gas for Climate at the start of a crucial year for renewable and low-carbon gases in the EU. In this dynamic period, I am honoured to chair the Gas for Climate initiative. We will continue to provide proposals and analyses to reach carbon neutrality in the EU in 2050 at the lowest costs for society”.
This article was first published on the Gas for Climate, Press release page.
Download the policy paper here.
About “Gas for Climate” and their Proposed “EU Biomethane Boost”
Gas for Climate was initiated in 2017 to analyse and create awareness about the role of renewable and low-carbon gas in the future energy system in full compliance with the Paris Agreement target to limit global temperature increases to well below 2 degrees Celsius. To this end, the entire economy has to become net-zero carbon by mid-century.
Gas for Climate is committed to achieving net zero greenhouse gas emissions in the EU by 2050 to meet the Paris Agreement target. Renewable gas used in existing gas infrastructure can play an important role in this.
The Gas for Climate group consists of eleven leading European gas transport companies;
- (DESFA, Enagás, Energinet,
- Fluxys Belgium,
- Swedegas and Teréga)
- and two renewable gas industry associations (European Biogas Association and Consorzio Italiano Biogas).
Renewable gases have different roles in the system and the wider economy, as they provide:
- storable and dispatchable renewable energy,
- heat to buildings that have gas grid connections,
- high-temperature heat and feedstock in energy-intensive industries, and
- fuels for heavy and long-distance road transport, shipping, and aviation.
They also create:
- future-proof jobs and
- foster rural economies.
Hydrogen is enjoying renewed and rapidly growing attention in Europe and around the world. In 2020, the European Commission and six member states published hydrogen strategies, highlighting its importance as a cornerstone of long-term decarbonisation.
Its production is:
- a proven and market-ready technology
- with little associated technological risk.
Biomethane has multiple benefits, most importantly its full compatibility with the existing gas grid.
EU renewables targets are set in the Renewable Energy Directive (RED). Therefore, including the proposed 11% renewable gas target and the sub-targets for biomethane and green hydrogen in the RED revision is the preferred option.
“Gas for Climate” proposes that the 11% target for renewable gas should be implemented as a consumption target and be met by economic operators, which can be large gas suppliers, similar to the existing renewable fuels target as part of RED II. As specified in RED II Article 25 (1), member states shall set an obligation on fuel suppliers to ensure that the share of renewable gas within the final gas consumption is at least 11% by 2030. Member States should have the option to further define the gas consumption target, e.g., set specific consumption targets per end-use sector.
[In the UK, measures such as the UK Government's “Green Gas Initiative” (Green Gas Support Scheme (GGSS)) will work towards achieving the EU biomethane and blue hydrogen targets.]
[First published on 29 January 2021. Updated 29 December 2023.]